Sports First Responder Level 3 (VTQ)

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Bites and stings

Video 159 of 201
2 min 23 sec
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Bites and Stings First Aid: Handling Animal Bites and Insect Stings

Bites vs. Stings: Knowing the Difference

Understanding the distinctions between animal bites and insect stings and when exceptions may apply.

Dealing with Bites

Addressing various injuries commonly associated with bites:

  • Bleeding and Skin Damage: Assess and manage bleeding, incisions, and skin tears.
  • Secondary Injuries: Be aware of potential bruising, soft tissue damage, and even broken bones.

Ensuring Safety

Steps to take to secure the scene when dealing with bite incidents:

  • Scene Assessment: Prioritize safety, especially in cases involving aggressive animals like dogs.

Providing First Aid for Bites

Immediate actions to take for bite injuries:

  • Wound Cleaning: Use saline solution or clean water to clean the wound.
  • Bleeding Control: Apply a pressure bandage to manage bleeding.
  • Dressing Application: Dress the wound appropriately and arrange for necessary medical assistance.

Managing Stings

Understanding the unique nature of insect stings and appropriate responses:

  • Toxin Injection: Recognize that insect stings introduce toxins into the skin.

Bee Stings

Specifics of dealing with bee stings and minimizing further harm:

  • Sting Removal: Safely remove the bee sting by scraping it with a credit card from the base, avoiding additional poison injection.

Treatment for Insect Bites

Common methods for addressing wasp, mosquito, and other insect bites, usually self-resolving:

  • Topical Creams: Consider using creams or ointments, but these bites often heal naturally.

Allergic Reactions

Recognizing potential allergies to bee or wasp stings and taking appropriate action:

  • Anaphylactic Response: Be vigilant for signs like difficulty breathing or feeling unwell, especially in individuals with known allergies.
  • Contact Emergency Services: If necessary, seek immediate medical assistance.

Remember: Throat swelling following a hand sting may indicate an anaphylactic reaction.