Sports First Responder Level 3 (VTQ)

201 videos, 10 hours and 55 minutes

Course Content

The spinal board

Video 137 of 201
3 min 40 sec
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Spineboard (Backboard) Overview


In this section, we'll examine the features and usage of the spineboard, also known as the backboard, a crucial piece of equipment in patient immobilization and transport.

Surface and Material

The spineboard is constructed from a cleanable, washable, and sterilizable plastic material, ensuring hygiene and safety for patients.

  • Material: Cleanable and sterilizable plastic
  • X-ray Compatibility: The board is x-rayable and scannable, allowing patients to remain on it during scans or x-rays to assess spinal injuries.

Head Block

At the head end of the board, there is a head block or head block fixing plate to secure the patient's head in place.

  • Head Block: Provides stability and support for the patient's head
  • Straps: Velcro head and chin straps secure the head in position

Side Slots and Straps

The board features holes or slots along the sides for attaching securing straps to hold the patient in place.

  • Straps: Made of waterproof plastic, equipped with clips for secure fastening
  • Placement: Three straps are typically used across the chest, pelvis, and feet to minimize lateral movement


The board is designed with edges for easy tipping and manoeuvring, facilitating patient placement and immobilization.

  • Log Roll Position: Commonly used position for patient immobilization, ensuring minimal spinal movement during transfer

Application Sequence

It's essential to apply the head blocks last, after securing the patient with straps, to prioritize airway management and minimize neck and head movement.

  • Sequence: Straps first, followed by head blocks


The spineboard is a versatile and indispensable tool in emergency medical situations, providing effective immobilization and transport for patients with suspected spinal injuries.

Learning Outcomes:
  • IPOSi Unit three LO1.3, 1.4 & 2.2